Glucose monitoring | Why is it so important to diabetes Health?

Glucose monitoring is one of the keys to living with diabetes and staying as healthy as possible. Glucose is a form of sugar hormone that is found in the blood stream. This sugar hormone is vital to the because it is the main source of energy for our bodies.

It can be obtained from the food that we eat. The monitoring of your sugar level can be achieved through various means. One of these is through the use of glucose meters. Monitoring of the blood sugar level is one of the keys to treating or preventing diabetes mellitus.

Individuals that have been diagnosed with diabetes, type 1 especially, to constantly keep track of their blood sugar levels to ensure that it remains normal or as close to normal as possible.

Through constant monitoring, diabetics can ensure that they avoid severe complications that are associated with this chronic disease we called diabetes.

We know that insulin is produced in the beta cells of the pancreas and that it is the key factor in glucose metabolism in our bodies. This hormone as we know it, is responsible for lowering the blood glucose levels and signaling the muscle cells to open up, allowing them to accept the excess sugar from the blood stream; thus, bring it down to a safe level.

When the blood glucose levels of individuals reach an all time high (hyperglycemia), the production of insulin is increased. This happens because the muscle cells did not respond to accept the excess glucose from the blood. Therefore glucose monitoring is essential in maintaining your health.

Without it, more insulin is released by your pancreas in an attempt to trigger your muscle cells to accept the excess sugar from your blood.

This can be very bad for those of us that have been diagnosed with diabetes because to much insulin in the bodies, will lead to some serious weight gain.

Which explains why most people that have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, pack on extra pounds after they began their diabetic treatment.

Because of this, individuals that have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are at greater risks from acute complications that are associated with having diabetes mellitus.

Therefore diabetics have to carry out glucose monitoring several times a day. High blood glucose levels or Hyperglycemia, occur more frequently in individuals that have type 1 diabetes.

This condition accounts for many of the complications that diabetics experience. Therefore, it is extremely important for these individuals to know all about hyperglycemia and the symptoms that are associated with it and how to avoid them at all cost. By using blood glucose meters and test strips, individuals can keep track of their blood sugar levels at all time.

hyperglycemia is a serious condition and if it goes untreated, can lead to many complications for people with diabetes. Hence diabetics must carry out glucose monitoring daily. Hyperglycemia occurs when the production of insulin in the body is insufficient for glucose metabolism or when the body can not utilize the insulin that is present properly.

Hyperglycemia can also occur right after a meal but for people with type 1 diabetes, it can occur due to insufficient insulin injection treatment and for those with type 2 diabetes, it can happen due to their body not utilizing the insulin that it has properly.

As a diabetic, it is very important that you perform glucose monitoring regularly and know how to recognize the early symptoms of hyperglycemia because it will help you manage your diabetes that will help you live a little more healthier.

Symptoms of hyperglycemia

These symptoms include:

  • Elevated blood glucose
  • High blood sugar levels in the urine
  • Polydipsia or increased thirst
  • A frequent urge to urinate

If hyperglycemia goes untreated, it could lead to diabetes ketoacidosis, a condition which can eventually lead to a diabetic coma. This condition occurs when there is insufficient insulin to metabolize blood glucose levels for the body to use as energy.

Symptoms of diabetes ketoacidosis

Symptoms of Ketoacidosis include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • A fruity breath
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dry mouth

So how do we treat this condition?

Ideally, you really need to listen to your physician or health care professional when they tell you to perform your daily glucose monitoring because he/she will know the best possible way for you to lower your blood sugar level. But there are some things that you could do on your own, that will help you control your diabetes and keep your blood glucose level normal or as close to normal as possible.

Controlling your blood glucose levels

One of the ways that you could lower your blood glucose level is by exercising. But exercising could pose a problem if your blood sugar level is above 240 mg/dl because it could means that ketones could be present in your urine. If it is present, you should not exercise.

Hence you should check your urine for ketones before you attempt any form of exercises because if you have ketones and don't know it, exercising will cause your blood glucose to elevate even higher.

Monitoring your food intake is another way that will help you because certain foods have an adverse effect on the blood glucose.

So working closely with a registered dietitian and your physician could turn out to be a wise decision on your part. The best way that you could avoid or treat hyperglycemia, is to maintain proper glucose monitoring and manage your diabetes at all times.

hypoglycemia or low glucose level is another condition that individuals with diabetes have to really be concerned about. It can happen at anytime even though they are doing all that they can too manage their illness. Diabetics should know the early symptoms of hypoglycemia because it can help them avoid complications that are associated with it.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia

Symptoms for this condition are mostly visible. They are as follows:

  • Shakiness
  • Dizzy spells
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Headaches
  • Skin that is pale in color
  • Mood swings
  • Clumsy or jerky movements
  • Seizures
  • Confusion and a tingling sensations around the mouth area

If you know what the safe normal range for your blood sugar is and you are currently using a glucose meter with test strips in your glucose monitoring, you will know if you have hypoglycemia or not.

The frequency of your glucose monitoring will be set by your doctor to ensure that you are managing your diabetes properly. Once you discover that you have hypoglycemia, treatment should begin right away because if you don't, your condition could get worst and this will cause you to black out.

Passing out means that you will need an immediate injection treatment of glucagon or emergency hospital care to get your blood glucose up quickly.

Helping someone that have passed out because of hypoglycemia

In the event that someone was to pass out due to hypoglycemia, these are some step that can be taken as well as some that should not be taken by people that are present at the time. These steps include:

  • They should not give you an insulin injection treatment
  • .

  • They should not give you any food or fluids
  • They should not put their hands in your mouth at all
  • They should call for emergency help
Remember to avoid serious diabetes complications and stay healthy, you have to maintain good glucose monitoring.


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