Angina Symptoms in Men and Women
What is angina?. Medically speaking, angina is a serious condition that causes severe chest pains or discomforts. This condition normally happens when there is insufficient flow of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. The chest pains or discomforts at some point may feel like a pressure or squeezing sensation in the chest cavity.
Coronary artery disease, also known as coronary heart disease is usually the caused of this illness.
Coronary artery disease or CAD for short, is developed as a result of atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a build up of a material called plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries.
Atherosclerosis causes the coronary arteries to become narrowed and hardened; thus, causing a reduction in the blood and oxygen flow to the heart.
What are the different forms of this pectoris condition?
There are three known types of this condition that individuals can experienced. They are as follows:
A word of caution here: victims have to remember that not all chest pains or discomforts will occur or be related to an angina attack. The pains and discomforts could be an indication of other illnesses such as:
No matter what sort of discomforts they may be, you should get medical assistance immediately.
Common causes of the different type of attacks
As was mentioned earlier, one of the main causes of angina is the lack of oxygen and blood flow to the heart muscle. Another cause is high blood pressure that goes untreated. There are times when a victim's requirement for oxygen is so low, that their heart will still provide sufficient blood flow even though their coronary arteries are or could be severely narrowed, due to atherosclerosis.
However when their need for oxygen increases, their heart will begin to work harder because their coronary arteries are narrowed. This normally happens when their physical activity level have increased. An example of this would be when they have to climb a flight of stairs.
Test procedures that are used for diagnosing angina
Ideally there are times when a medical doctor can diagnosed the symptoms of an attack simply by the order in which they occur. However diagnosing the problem sometimes requires an individual to undergo a series of test procedures, that can determined if they in fact do have the illness.
These particular test procedures are as follows:
Medications used in treating angina
Although an angina attack is not a considered a heart attack, it does put an individual at a greater risk for having one. A person's risk is even greater if they have the unstable form of the condition. Fortunately, there are some medications that can be prescribed to treat the illness right away. These medications can include one or more of the following:
Additional treatments of a pectoris attack
Because conditions such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and blood clots can cause other health problems for victims of an angina attack, doctors may prescribed other medications that treat or delay and in some cases prevent these other health problems.
When medications fail to treat an angina attack
There are certain medical procedures, that are commonly used by doctors to treat an attack victim. These are normally used when regular prescription drugs like the ones listed above, fail to treat the condition. These medical procedures may include:
How can I prevent an angina attack?
Persons with coronary artery disease, can prevent an angina attack by simply making some required lifestyle changes and treating their illness at the same time. These lifestyle changes should include:
Controlling angina attacks
Remember there are three different types of angina illnesses. Therefore knowing what brings on the symptoms of each one, will better prepare you for any attacks and help guide you in taking the necessary steps to control or prevent them.
Some things an individual should always try and control is their emotional stress, their physical activities, and the quantity of their meals. By taking these necessary steps, individuals can control or lessen the severity of stable, unstable, and variant types of angina.
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