Diabetes testing is a procedure that uses blood glucose test strips, blood glucose meters and other diabetic supplies to test for diabetes. Equipment and other devices that test for pre-diabetes or diabetes mellitus either confirms that you have or don't have the disease.
The use of blood glucose monitoring machines and equipment, can also help diabetes individuals with their diabetes care. Regular testing for diabetes at home will let you know your blood glucose numbers. This is either your fasting glucose level or your peak blood sugar level an hour or so especially after you have finished a meal.
When it comes to diabetes testing, the results that diabetics should be mainly concerned about are:
For an individual diagnosed with diabetes, it is important that they understand that regular testing of their blood glucose level, will help minimize the risks of long term diabetes complications. It will also them to recognize the symptoms of diabetes.
However, by listening to your health care team, maintaining proper blood glucose levels, and HbA1c levels, you can avoid many of these diabetic complications. Most people that have diabetes, carry out their blood glucose testing the old fashion way. This involve them having to prick their finger with a lancet to obtain a small amount of blood.
This blood is then placed on a blood glucose test strip - which is then placed in a glucose meter. This blood glucose meter registers a reading that represents the individual's blood glucose level at that particular moment.
Lately, diabetes patients are able to test their blood glucose by what is called laser draw. This diabetes test is done with a device that produces a laser beam that penetrates the skin of the patient's finger. Because the skin is unbroken, there is no pain or discomfort to the patient.
Another method of diabetes testing is the use of a GlucoWatch. This blood glucose monitoring machine, measures the blood glucose through small amounts of electrical currents. Fluid is drawn from the patient's skin in small amounts and the glucose that is present, is measured three times per/hour for up to 12 hours.
The GlucoWatch blood glucose meter was approved by the FDA back in 2001 and is considered one of the first steps in getting closer to noninvasive but continuous blood glucose monitoring. Although this diabetes testing device was approved, their are some disadvantages to the device.
According to the FDA, the device should not replace the traditional daily pricking of the finger. This will ensure proper diabetic testing of your blood glucose level at all times.
Diabetes testing of blood glucose is normally done before meals and again at bedtime.
Diabetes patients that take insulin as a part of their diabetes treatment, should test their blood glucose daily.
Individuals that have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes should do their glucose testing three to four times per day or as recommended by their doctor.
Type 2 diabetics should do a diabetes test of their blood glucose as often as it is requires - so that they can get it under control and keep it that way.
When it comes to doing a diabetes test of your blood glucose, there are some factors that can interfere with the accuracy of test results. These factors include:
Therefore it is extremely important that you check the accuracy of your blood glucose meter regularly and if you suspect that your first reading is inaccurate, do a second test. Once the second test is completed, compare it to the first.
Another test that doctors use in diabetes testing is the Hemoglobin A1c Test. This particular test is an absolute must in both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes management. Diabetic patients know that the fasting blood glucose test is used to help them in their diabetes treatment And also show them where there blood glucose level is at.
Sadly with the fasting blood glucose test, the results obtained is only an indication of the patient's glucose level at that particular moment. The hemoglobin A1c test fills the gap by providing testing of the blood glucose in a different way.
As the body processes blood sugar or glucose, small amounts of it is bonded with the individual's hemoglobin. In this process, the glucose that is combined with the hemoglobin is in direct proportion to the glucose amount that is in the person's body.
With this type of testing for diabetes, the results can be use as an overall record of a patient's glucose level. This is good for as long as their blood is alive. Which is usually close to three months. Due to the HbA1c test, obtaining an overall blood glucose reading is far better than a series of fasting glucose test.
The diabetes HbA1c test is a simple but quick testing method that helps diabetics avoid development severe complications, that can arise from having diabetes mellitus. According to experts in the medical field, a normal HbA1c test result for individuals with diabetes is somewhere between 4 and 6 percent.
However The American Diabetes Association (ADA) have recommended an HbA1c level of 7 percent, whereas The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist, agrees on a level of 6.5 percent.
Diabetes patients, should get their HbA1c testing done regularly and consult with their doctor/s to find out what their results should be.
Another form of diabetes testing is the diabetes urine test.
Diabetes urine tests are carried out by doctors, to measure the amount of protein found in a person's urine.
This protein is called Microalbuminuria. According to medical facts, microalbuminuria develops as result of small but abnormal amounts of Albumin (the main protein in the blood), entering or leaking into the urine by way of the kidneys. If this problem goes untreated, it could eventually cause kidney failure.
Kidney problems that are related to diabetes mellitus, occur in about 20% - 40% of all individuals that have diabetes. Fortunately, through good blood glucose monitoring, maintaining your blood pressure at 130/80, and taking all of your required diabetes medications can slow the process of developing any kidney disease due to diabetes.
Individuals that have type 2 diabetes, should have a diabetes urine test done every year. Whereas type 1 diabetes patients may not need this test done until about five years after their initial diagnosis of diabetes. Whenever this diabetes test is done and the numbered results are positive, the doctors can tell that the blood vessels to the kidneys are damaged; thus, allowing the blood protein albumin to leak into the urine.
This can also be an indication of major blood vessel disease that can increase the risk of heart and vascular disease. Treatment of microalbuminuria may include medications that will slow down further damage to the kidneys and blood vessels.
To further check for risk factors that may aid in the development of coronary heart disease, a doctor may instruct a diabetic individual to have a cholesterol test done. This test will help their doctor to determine their LDL (bad cholesterol), HDL (good cholesterol), and triglycerides levels. A cholesterol test is normally done during a routine diabetes testing.